Effort has four subcategories (Effort factors), each of which has two opposite polarities
|Effort Factor||Effort element (Fighting polarity)||Effort element (Indulging polarity)|
Laban named the combination of the first three categories (Space, Weight, and Time) the Effort Actions, or Action Drive. The eight combinations are descriptively named Float, Punch (Thrust), Glide, Slash, Dab, Wring, Flick, and Press.
Flow, on the other hand, is responsible for the continuousness or ongoingness of motions. Without any Flow Effort, movement must be contained in a single initiation and action, which is why there are specific names for the Flow-less Action configurations of Effort. In general it is very difficult to remove Flow from much movement, and so a full analysis of Effort will typically need to go beyond the Effort Actions.
Effort or the Qualities of Movement – how the body moves (Many of the qualities of movement require the application of mechanical principles.)
- Time or speed – This quality deals with the speed and duration of the movement, moving to a constant rhythm or accelerating or decelerating.
- Force – Force is the effort or tension generated in movement. Learning how to generate, absorb, and direct force is an important outcome.
- Space – Direct or Indirect movement.
- Flow – This factor establishes how movements are purposely sequenced to create continuity of movement, usually in terms of interrupted (bound) or sustained (free) flow. Interrupted flow stops at the end of a movement or part of a movement. Sustained flow involves smoothly linking different movements or parts of movements.
This lesson focuses on the aspect of time as it relates to effort.
This lesson focuses on the effort skills of Thrust and Float:
Direct/Sudden/Strong – movement in own space
indirect/sustained/light – Traveling through room space